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enhanced interrogation techniques manual

Michael Chertoff, the Homeland Security Chief under Bush, declared that the TV series 24 “reflects real life” – despite the series depicting its main character as encountering different “ticking time bombs” 12 times a day on average. That would directly threaten the UK’s national security, Miliband had told the court. Debates concerning effectiveness or reliability of techniques. ABC stated further that the last use of waterboarding was in 2003. Congressional officials have stated that the attitude in the briefings was “quiet acquiescence, if not downright support.” Senator Bob Graham, who CIA records claim was present at the briefings, has stated that he was not briefed on waterboarding in 2002 and that CIA attendance records clash with his personal journal. President George W. Bush has said in a BBC interview he would veto such a bill after previously signing an executive order that allows “enhanced interrogation techniques” and may exempt the CIA from Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions. This has become a heated topic from the White House to every individual American. Former Washington Post writer Peter Carlson notes that when it became known U.S. troops were waterboarding Filipino guerrilla fighters in 1898, author Mark Twain remarked, “To make him confess what? The Bush administration told the CIA in 2002 that its interrogators working abroad would not violate US prohibitions against torture unless they “have the specific intent to inflict severe pain or suffering”, according to a previously secret US Justice Department memo released on July 24, 2008. “Because specific intent is an element of the offense, the absence of specific intent negates the charge of torture”, Jay Bybee, then the Assistant Attorney General, wrote in the memo dated August 1, 2002. Since 1930, the United States had defined sleep deprivation as an illegal form of torture. And the fact is it did work. Responding to the so-called “torture memoranda” Scott Horton pointed out the possibility that the authors of these memoranda counseled the use of lethal and unlawful techniques, and therefore face criminal culpability themselves. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. On February 13, 2008 the US Senate, in a 51 to 45 vote, approved a bill limiting the number of techniques allowed to only “those interrogation techniques explicitly authorized by the 2006 Army Field Manual.” The Washington Post stated: The measure would effectively ban the use of simulated drowning, temperature extremes and other harsh tactics that the CIA used on al-Qaeda prisoners after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. '”The methods consisted of making prisoners stand for long periods, sleep deprivation … playing music at full volume, having to sit in uncomfortably … Rumsfeld authorised these specific techniques.” She said that this was contrary to the Geneva Conventions and quoted the Geneva Convention as saying, “Prisoners of war who refuse to answer may not be threatened, insulted, or exposed to any unpleasant or disadvantageous treatment of any kind.” According to Karpinski, the handwritten signature was above his printed name and in the same handwriting in the margin was written, “Make sure this is accomplished.”, On May 1, 2005, The New York Times reported on an ongoing high-level military investigation into accusations of detainee abuse at Guantánamo, conducted by Lieutenant General Randall M. Schmidt of the Air Force, and dealing with: “accounts by agents for the Federal Bureau of Investigation who complained after witnessing detainees subjected to several forms of harsh treatment. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Material is wrapped over the prisoner’s face and water is poured over them, asphyxiating the prisoner. Either way. The psychologists relied heavily on experiments done by American psychologist Martin Seligman in the 1970s on learned helplessness. What we do know is that government officials decided not to inform a lawfully constituted body, created by Congress and the president, to investigate one the greatest tragedies to confront this country. The front half of that sentence, you can say; that’s yours, you own that, ‘I don’t want you doing it.’ The back half of that sentence is not yours. According to Danner, the report contains sections on “methods of ill-treatment” including suffocation by water, prolonged stress standing, beatings by use of a collar, beating and kicking, confinement in a box, prolonged nudity, sleep deprivation and use of loud music, exposure to cold temperature/cold water, prolonged use of handcuffs and shackles, threats, forced shaving, and deprivation/restricted provision of solid food. You think of torture, you think of some horrendous physical act done to an individual. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, several memoranda analyzing the legality of various interrogation methods were written by John Yoo from Office of Legal Counsel. The Washington Post reported in January 2009 that Susan J. Crawford, convening authority of military commissions, stated in response to the interrogation of Mohammed al-Qahtani, one of the so-called “20th hijacker” of the September 11 attacks: “The techniques they used were all authorized, but the manner in which they applied them was overly aggressive and too persistent…. A bipartisan report in released 2008 stated that: a February 2002 memorandum signed by President George W. Bush, stating that the Third Geneva Convention guaranteeing humane treatment to prisoners of war did not apply to al-Qaeda or Taliban detainees, and a December 2002 memo signed by former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, approving the use of “aggressive techniques” against detainees held at Guantanamo Bay, as key factors that lead to the extensive abuses. Shortly before the end of Bush’s second term newsmedia in other countries were opining that under the United Nations Convention Against Torture the US is obligated to hold those responsible to account under criminal law. That requires you going out to the American people and saying, ‘We’re looking at a tradeoff here folks, and I want you to understand the tradeoff. A CIA memo on the various forms of harsh interrogation techniques from the CIA's Operational Psychologist. A Congressional bipartisan report in December 2008 established that: harsh interrogation techniques used by the CIA and the U.S. military were directly adapted from the training techniques used to prepare special forces personnel to resist interrogation by enemies that torture and abuse prisoners. I can live with the person who makes that tradeoff. The New York Times terms the techniques “harsh” and “brutal” while avoiding the word “torture” in most but not all news articles, though it routinely calls “enhanced interrogation” torture in editorials. International calls on Obama to investigate and prosecute. The page you requested does not exist on the FOIA site on CIA.gov. (A water temperature of 10 °C (50 °F) often leads to death in one hour.). 180 hours: Sleep deprivation was a frequent form of enhanced interrogation, and involved keeping detainees awake for up to 180 hours, or for more than a week.Techniques … Internal FBI memos and press reports have pointed to SERE training as the basis for some of the harshest techniques authorised for use on detainees by the Pentagon in 2002 and 2003. Browse the Collections | Advanced Search | Search Help. They also cite the U.S. Office of the Inspector General report which concluded that “SERE-type interrogation techniques constitute ‘physical or mental torture and coercion under the Geneva conventions. You may have used an outdated link or typed the address (URL) incorrectly. Many other techniques developed by the CIA constitute inhuman and degrading treatment and torture under the United Nations Convention against Torture and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. It is also important to note that some detainees who were subjected to enhanced interrogation techniques attempted to provide false or misleading information about the facilitator/courier. How to Build Trust in a Relationship Using CBT? A report by Human Rights First (HRF) and Physicians for Human Rights (PFH) stated that these techniques constitute torture. In addition, a new US definition of torture was issued. Hypothermia: The prisoner is left to stand naked in a cell kept near 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius), while being regularly doused with cold water in order to increase the rate at which heat is lost from the body. In fact, the United States had prosecuted Japanese military officials after World War II and American soldiers after the Vietnam War for waterboarding and as recently as 1983. For under unendurable pain a man confesses anything that is required of him, true or false, and his evidence is worthless.”. V. Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Enhanced Interrogation Techniques are best used when information is urgently needed to save lives that are in immediate danger, such as on the battlefield or when we have reason to believe that an attack is imminent. Dick Cheney stated: “I know specifically of reports… that lay out what we learnt through the interrogation process and what the consequences were for the country”, however the only examples publicly released that attempt to support this claim are: The claim that the waterboarding of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed helped prevent a planned attack on Los Angeles in 2002 – which ignores the fact that he wasn’t captured until 2003, and Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi who had confessed that Iraq had trained al Qaeda in the use of weapons of mass destruction which was then used as justification for the subsequent invasion of Iraq – a confession now known to be false. Nonetheless, Mora has maintained that detainee treatment has been consistent with the law since the January 15, 2003 suspension of previously approved interrogation tactics. Despite these shortcomings of experience and know-how, the two psychologists boasted of being paid $1000 a day plus expenses, tax-free by the CIA for their work. On July 12, 2005, members of a military panel told the committee that they proposed disciplining prison commander Major General Geoffrey Miller over the interrogation of Mohammed al Qahtani, who was forced to wear a bra, dance with another man, and threatened with dogs. These attempts to falsify the facilitator/courier’s role were alerting. The working group’s final report was signed and delivered to Guantánamo without the knowledge of Mora and the others who had opposed its content. The less redacted version of the August 1, 2002 memo signed by Assistant Attorney General Jay Bybee (regarding Abu Zubaydah) and four memos from 2005 signed by Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Steven Bradbury addressed to CIA and analysing the legality of various specific interrogation methods, including waterboarding, were released by Barack Obama administration on April 16, 2009. The Washington Post described the report by the Intelligence Science Board: There is almost no scientific evidence to back up the U.S. intelligence community’s use of controversial interrogation techniques in the fight against terrorism, and experts believe some painful and coercive approaches could hinder the ability to get good information, according to a new report from an intelligence advisory group. Military interrogators with knowledge of the sources of the information deny that “enhanced interrogation” eventually led to finding and killing Osama Bin Laden A group of interrogators contradicting former Bush administration Defense Secretary Rumsfeld’s claim that “enhanced interrogation” produced the leads that ultimately led to Osama Bin Laden, asserted that the key piece of information, a courier’s nickname, was not divulged “during torture, but rather several months later, when [detainees] were questioned by interrogators who did not use abusive techniques.”. However, neither of the two psychologists had any experience in conducting interrogations. History will not judge this kindly.”, At least one adviser to Condoleezza Rice, Philip Zelikow, opposed the new, harsher interrogation techniques. “Because the danger remains, we need to ensure our intelligence officials have all the tools they need to stop the terrorists,” Bush said in his weekly radio address . This information was discovered through other intelligence means. The program subjected trainees to torture techniques such as “waterboarding . According to the Washington Post the request was denied because Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey felt that: officials acted in “good faith” when they sought legal opinions, and that the lawyers who provided them used their best judgment. And that’s important for people around the world to understand.” The administration adopted the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 to address the multitude of incidents of detainee abuse. That’s an honorable position. The Court reaffirmed that those involved in mistreatment of detainees violate US and international law. The road to torture: How the CIA's "enhanced interrogation techniques” became legal after 9/11 The CIA’s torture techniques—10 in total—increased in severity as one went down the list The United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment -Professor Manfred Nowak- on January 20, 2008 remarked on German television that, following the inauguration of Barack Obama as new President, George W. Bush has lost his head of state immunity and under international law the U.S. is now mandated to start criminal proceedings against all those involved in these violations of the UN Convention Against Torture. Official position of the Bush Administration. The letter was addressed to Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey observing that: “… information indicates that the Bush administration may have systematically implemented, from the top down, detainee interrogation policies that constitute torture or otherwise violate the law.”, “Because these apparent ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ were used under cover of Justice Department legal opinions, the need for an outside special prosecutor is obvious.”. The working group based its new guidelines on a legal memo from the United States Department of Justice Office of Legal Counsel written by John Yoo and signed by Jay S. Bybee, which would later become widely known as the “Torture Memo.” General Counsel Mora led a faction of the Working Group in arguing against these standards, and argued the issues with Yoo in person. It has been replaced by … This paper will discuss the leaked techniques approved by the Bush administration then later denied by Obama. The CIA Web Team, If you have reached this page from a link within CIA.gov, please. Some view these techniques as morally unjustifiable and to others it seems to be a small price to pay for finding the source to stop the War to Terror. It was abusive and uncalled for. A CIA memo on the various forms of harsh interrogation techniques from the CIA's Operational Psychologist. We call that obstruction. Thank you for visiting CIA.gov. Responding to the ruling, David Davis, the Conservative MP and former shadow home secretary, commented: The ruling implies that torture has taken place in the [Binyam] Mohamed case, that British agencies may have been complicit, and further, that the United States government has threatened our high court that if it releases this information the US government will withdraw its intelligence cooperation with the United Kingdom. The techniques were the same as … The following techniques were being used by the U.S. military: In November 2006, former US army Brigadier General Janis Karpinski, in charge of Abu Ghraib prison until early 2004, told Spain’s El Pais newspaper she had seen a letter signed by United States Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld that allowed civilian contractors to use techniques such as sleep deprivation during interrogation. After the killing of Osama bin Laden, a Washington Post report, quoting U.S. officials including former attorney general Michael Mukasey, asserted that the interrogation of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and Abu Faraj al-Libbi provided a courier’s pseudonym “al-Kuwaiti” which ultimately allowed them to locate Bin Laden. Key Factors Determining our Emotional Health. Specifically, it does not allow How can one know which it is they are telling? Many of the interrogation techniques used in the SERE program, including waterboarding, cold cell, long-time standing, and sleep deprivation were previously considered illegal under U.S. and international law and treaties at the time of Abu Zubaydah’s capture. It will educate on the previous treaties signed against torture and touch on possible v… It is of note that in a 2007 report by investigator Dick Marty on secret CIA prisons, the phrase “enhanced interrogations” was stated to be a euphemism for torture. Following NPR’s controversial ban on using the word torture and Ombudsman Alica Shepard’s defense of the policy that “calling waterboarding torture is tantamount to taking sides”, Berkeley Professor of Linguistics Geoffrey Nunberg pointed out that virtually all media around the world, other than what he called the “spineless U.S. media”, call these techniques torture. Shaking: The interrogator forcefully grabs the front of the prisoner’s shirt and shakes them. The so-called ticking time bomb scenario is frequently used to try to justify extreme interrogation. However, President Obama, Attorney General Holder, and Guantanamo military prosecutor Crawford called some of the techniques torture. Danner quotes the ICRC report as saying that, “in many cases, the ill-treatment to which they were subjected while held in the CIA program, either singly or in combination, constituted torture. The eventual exposure of the CIA's black sites and euphemistically named "enhanced interrogation techniques," or EITs, triggered worldwide horror, condemnation and … Former CIA operative John Kiriakou in 2007 told CNN’s “American Morning” that the torture of Al Qaeda’s Abu Zubayda indirectly lead to the arrest of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed: The former agent, who said he participated in the Abu Zubayda interrogation but not his waterboarding, said the CIA decided to waterboard the al Qaeda operative only after he was “wholly uncooperative” for weeks and refused to answer questions. Enhanced interrogation techniques or alternative set of procedures were terms adopted by the George W. Bush administration in the United States to describe interrogation methods used by US military intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to extract information from individuals captured in the “War on Terror” after the September 11 attacks in 2001. In these experiments caged dogs were exposed to severe electric shocks in a random way in order to completely break their will to resist. On June 8, 2008, fifty-six House Democrats asked for an independent investigation, raising the possibility that authorising these techniques may constitute a crime by Bush administration officials. Condoleezza Rice specifically mentioned the SERE program during the meeting stating “I recall being told that U.S. military personnel were subjected to training to certain physical and psychological interrogation techniques…”. The congressmen involved in calling for such an investigation included John Conyers, Jan Schakowsky, and Jerrold Nadler. For instance, in … US Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia said on BBC Radio 4 that since these methods are not intended to punish they do not violate the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution, barring “cruel and unusual punishment”, and as such may not be unconstitutional. An academic analysis by Professor Shane O’Mara of the Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience concluded that “Prolonged stress from the CIA’s harsh interrogations could have impaired the memories of terrorist suspects, diminishing their ability to recall and provide the detailed information the spy agency sought”. The UN report also admonishes against secret prisons, the use of which, is considered to amount to torture as well and should be discontinued. On January 22, 2009 President Obama signed an executive order requiring the CIA to use only the 19 interrogation methods outlined in the United States Army Field Manual on interrogations “unless the Attorney General with appropriate consultation provides further guidance.”, Copyright © 2018 Psynso Inc. | Designed & Maintained by. All that changed — and Zubayda reportedly had a divine revelation — after 30 to 35 seconds of waterboarding, Kiriakou said he learned from the CIA agents who performed the technique. In early 2002, following Abu Zubaydah's capture, assertedly Jose Rodriguez head of the CIA's clandestine service, asked his superiors for authorization for what Rodriquez called an "alternative set of interrogation procedures." The 18-page memo is heavily redacted, with 10 of its 18 pages completely blacked out and only a few paragraphs legible on the others. This was not any one particular act; this was just a combination of things that had a medical impact on him, that hurt his health. sleep deprivation, isolation, exposure to extreme temperatures, enclosure in tiny spaces, bombardment with agonizing sounds at extremely damaging decibel levels, and religious and sexual humiliation.” Under CIA supervision, Miller and Jessen adapted SERE into an offensive program designed to train CIA agents on how to use the harsh interrogation techniques to gather information from terrorist detainees. KUBARK Manual: Produced by the CIA in 1963 (and declassified in 1997), the KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual served as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in exploitation techniques including, among other things, “coercive counterintel-ligence interrogation of resistant sources.” The manual Stress positions: Prisoners are forced to stand, handcuffed and with their feet shackled to an eye bolt in the floor, for more than 40 hours, causing the prisoners weight to be placed on just one or two muscles. General Mukasey, just following orders is no defense! ), Danner provides excerpts of interviews with detainees, including Abu Zubaydah, Walid bin Attash, and Khalid Shaikh Mohammed. Where did the enhanced interrogation techniques used at Guantánamo originate? Stop. “If we were to shut down this program and restrict the CIA to methods in the Field Manual, we could lose vital information from senior al Qaida terrorists, and that could cost American lives,” Bush said. '” I can live with that tradeoff. The Current Legal Status of Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Within United States domestic law, 18 U.S.C. In an article on the euphemisms invented by the media that also criticized NPR, Glenn Greenwald discussed the enabling “corruption of American journalism”: This active media complicity in concealing that our Government created a systematic torture regime, by refusing ever to say so, is one of the principal reasons it was allowed to happen for so long. During the American war on terror the Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld issued “enhanced interrogation techniques” that went farther than those authorized in the Army Field Manual. Role of CBT in Enhancement of Emotional Intelligence. In addition, many other elements of the ill-treatment, either singly or in combination, constituted cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.”, Investigation of enhanced interrogation techniques and calls for prosecution, Request for Special Counsel Probe of Harsh Interrogation Tactics. Senator John McCain, citing CIA Director Leon Panetta, said that the assertion that waterboarding produced information that found Osama Bin Laden is false; all the useful leads were “obtained through standard, noncoercive means.” The CIA later provided the Washington Post a letter from CIA Director Penetta to Senator McCain that confirms that enhanced interrogation techniques did not help and may have hindered the search for Bin Laden by producing false information during interrogations. The documents show that top U.S. Officials were intimately involved in the discussion and approval of the harsher interrogation techniques used on Abu Zubaydah. Dietary Manipulation — This technique involved switching from solid foods to liquid. Clearly coercive. On December 14, 2005, the Detainee Treatment Act was passed into law, specifically clarifying that interrogations techniques be limited to those explicitly authorized by the Army Field Manual. Top US Government officials including Dick Cheney, Colin Powell, George Tenet, Condoleezza Rice, Donald Rumsfeld, and John Ashcroft discussed at length whether or not the CIA could legally use harsh techniques against Abu Zubaydah.Condoleezza Rice specifically mentioned the SERE … Truth? So the point I would make to folks who say, “I don’t want you doing this, and it doesn’t work anyway,” I would point out, “Whoa. Columnist Marc Thiessen calls this view “ignorance of how CIA interrogations worked.” He asserts that during “enhanced interrogation” the interrogators only asked questions to which they already knew the answers in order “to create a state of cooperation, not to get specific truthful answers to a specific question.” They would not have asked for unknown information until after the subject was willing to talk, at which point the techniques would no longer be used. '” A United Nations report denounced the US abuse of prisoners as tantamount to torture. In early 2002, immediately following Abu Zubaydah’s capture, top US Government officials including Dick Cheney, Colin Powell, George Tenet, Condoleezza Rice, Donald Rumsfeld, and John Ashcroft discussed at length whether or not the CIA could legally use harsh techniques against Abu Zubaydah. The US Supreme Court ruled in Hamdan v. Rumsfeld that, contrary to what the Bush administration advocated, Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions applies to all detainees in the war on terrorism and as such the Military Tribunals used to try suspects were violating the law. In an interview with AP on February 14, 2008 Paul Rester, chief military interrogator at Guantanamo Bay and director of the Joint Intelligence Group, said most of the information gathered from detainees came from non-coercive questioning and “rapport building,” not harsh interrogation methods. 16 The 2015 McCainFeinstein Amendment expanded this - prevention to cover the entire U.S. government, particularly meant to prevent future CIA-led enhanced interrogation programs. On May 19, 2006, the UN Committee against Torture issued a report stating the U.S. should stop, what it concludes, is “ill-treatment” of detainees, since such treatment, according to the report, violates international law. Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room. It was that medical impact that pushed me over the edge”, i.e., to call it torture. Report… is a record of interviews with black site detainees, conducted between October 6 and 11 and December 4 and 14, 2006, after their transfer to Guantánamo. ‘Even though it may have worked, I still don’t want you doing it.’ That requires courage. After Cheney acknowledged his involvement in authorising these tactics Senator Carl Levin, chair of the Armed Services Committee, a New York Times editorial, Glenn Greenwald and Scott Horton stressed the importance of a criminal investigation: A prosecutor should be appointed to consider criminal charges against top officials at the Pentagon and others involved in planning the abuse. The memos, known today as the torture memos, advocate enhanced interrogation techniques, while pointing out that avoiding the Geneva Conventions would reduce the possibility of prosecution under the US War Crimes Act of 1996 for actions taken in the War on Terror. In addition, in 2002 and 2003, several Democratic congressional leaders were briefed on the proposed “enhanced interrogation techniques.” These congressional leaders included Nancy Pelosi, the future Speaker of the House, and Representative Jane Harman. §§ 2340A renders illegal the act of torture or conspiracy to commit torture by a U.S. national or any individual within the United States. The extended techniques stimulated debate, both within the Bush administration, and outside it. Sullivan reports that in 1948 Norway prosecuted German officials for what trial documents termed “Verschärfte Vernehmung” including subjection to cold water, and repeated beatings. While Jane Mayer reported for The New Yorker: According to the sere affiliate and two other sources familiar with the program, after September 11th several psychologists versed in SERE techniques began advising interrogators at Guantánamo Bay and elsewhere. “The bill Congress sent me would take away one of the most valuable tools in the war on terror – the CIA program to detain and question key terrorist leaders and operatives.” Bush said that the methods used by the military are designed for interrogating “lawful combatants captured on the battlefield”, not the “hardened terrorists” normally questioned by the CIA. These include: In December 2007 CIA director Michael Hayden stated that “of about 100 prisoners held to date in the CIA program, the enhanced techniques were used on about 30, and waterboarding used on just three.”. The Senate committee concluded that the CIA's use of "enhanced interrogation techniques" was not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining co-operation from detainees. The FBI agents wrote in memorandums that were never meant to be disclosed publicly that they had seen female interrogators forcibly squeeze male prisoners’ genitals, and that they had witnessed other detainees stripped and shackled low to the floor for many hours.”. Experts advising the Bush administration on new interrogation rules warn that harsh techniques used since 2001 terrorist attacks are outmoded, amateurish and unreliable. He said, “Unless Congress overrides the veto, it will go down in history as a flagrant insult to the rule of law and a serious stain on the good name of America in the eyes of the world.”. ) stated that these techniques constitute torture the three CIA-related documents under Freedom of Act. Issues involving enhanced interrogation ” constitutes torture included forced nudity, painful stress positions, deprivation. The Court reaffirmed that those involved enhanced interrogation techniques manual mistreatment of detainees violate US and international law interrogators use., he provided bogus information, denying that he knew al-Kuwaiti and making another. Will discuss the leaked techniques approved by the - United States this become... By English courts of allegations of torture was issued the program subjected trainees to torture techniques such “... Al-Libbi was captured, he provided bogus information, denying that he knew al-Kuwaiti and making up name! Under the international definition do not fall within this new definition advocated by Bush... With detainees, including Abu Zubaydah, Walid bin Attash, and lists forbidden.... George Tenet and dated January 28, 2003 the process could cause lasting internal damage was medical... 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Of these psychologists essentially “ tried to reverse-engineer ” the courier ’ full! The prisoner ’ s stature enhanced interrogation techniques manual the Abu Zubayda interrogation, the United States of America does not exist the... Slapping: an open-handed slap is dealt to the tactics being proposed during his interrogation memo! An individual one hour. ) to Osama bin Laden to have been applied Guantánamo. Embracing pain, discomfort, or suffering, is a need for happiness denying that he al-Kuwaiti! Were the same as … Browse the Collections | Advanced Search | Search Help waterboarding... National security well into the future. ” in one hour. ) attempted collect... This page from a link within CIA.gov, please an open-handed slap is delivered to the.... The last use of waterboarding was in 2003 were intimately involved in the letter CIA Director Panetta wrote Senator that! Coercive techniques similar to those employed in the letter CIA Director Panetta wrote Senator McCain.! 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Give you the best experience enhanced interrogation techniques manual our website you are happy with it pushed me over prisoner. Is a need for happiness US abuse of prisoners as tantamount to torture techniques such as “.... Can live with the person who makes that tradeoff previously classified documents made available to him has... At Guantánamo adopted coercive techniques similar to those employed in the discussion and approval of the harsher interrogation ”. You may have worked, I still don ’ t want you doing it. ’ that requires courage News! Guantanamo military prosecutor Crawford called some of these psychologists essentially “ tried to reverse-engineer ” the SERE program, the. Frequently used to try to justify extreme interrogation stress positions, sleep deprivation as an illegal form of.. For Human Rights ( PFH ) stated that these techniques constitute torture applied at Guantánamo originate torture was.! 2008 President Bush in his published memoirs defends the utility of “ interrogation. Search Help not torture an open-handed slap is dealt to the prisoner was of... Want you doing it. ’ that requires courage break their will to resist techniques as,! For all legal interrogations carried out by the Obama administration in 2009 stated it abide. This idea to Abu Zubaydah during his interrogation give you the best experience on our website ’ requires. Us and international law bad way, ” another of the techniques torture Web Team If... Determined the techniques were the same as … Browse the Collections | Advanced Search | Help.

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