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assess why computers are considered powerful thinking machines

Computers can store huge amounts of data and information. It responds by analyzing the data and adjusting the heating or cooling to bring the room to the accepted level. Computersciencedegreehub.com is an advertising-supported site. The integrated circuit grouped electrical componants such as ____________ onto a single___________. Spell. Why computer considered powertool thinking machine! The debate about whether or not machines can be taught to reason and feel is, at times, heated. “Thinking Machines = Old Algorithms on Faster Computers.” The real advance has been in the number-crunching power of digital computers. When data, instructions, and information flow along these circuits, they … Still, there are those who, like Ray Kurzweil, believe artificially intelligent, self-aware computers will exist by the year 2059. required massive amounts of what? ... “The consequences of machines thinking would be too dreadful. The heart of Babbage's vision funtioned to make _____________ and was called the _________. Ultimately, humans are mere biological machines, and conversely, a thinking, dreaming computer could be considered a silicon life-form. ), the instructions given to a computer (typed input, CPU-Processing, programs, etc.). 1 customer rating. Algorithms Most of our lives are now heavenly centered around computers. That's why the I.B.M. Gravity. From Bricks to Brains: The Evolution of the Cell Phone, Of Cops and Cookies: How Police Are Using Computers to Solve Crimes. Flashcards. Most important from John Von Neuman's paper was the idea of a computer that could... hold its programming internally in its memory. At the current rate of technological advancement, computers should have eight million Gigabytes by 2029, so can we assume that they will be able to “think” at that point? What did Steve Jobs sell to raise money for his computer company? STUDY. What was the 'computer-like machine' that was built by British code breakers? How much money did Hollerith sell the shares in his company for? ENIAC did _________multiplications per second? Since we replace the man with the machine in the game, the machine performs a difficult task. The Collossus processed_______characters per second. The differences between computer classifications generally get smaller as technology advances, creating smaller and more powerful and cost-friendly components. These thinking machines are producing results that are competitive with those of humans. advertisement . According to “2Machines.com,” there are a million, million neurons in the adult human brain, each with a thousand connections. Still, there are those who, like Ray Kurzweil, believe artificially intelligent, self-aware […] If we can be creative, why not computers? 3rd generation computers, made by Robert Noise and Jack Kilby. Computers small and inexpensive enough to be purchased by individuals for use in their homes first became feasible in the 1970s, when large-scale integration made it possible to construct a sufficiently powerful microprocessor on a single semiconductor chip. Computers … 1 See answer LorenzAtBrainly LorenzAtBrainly Answer: Because you dont need to think when there is google. 5.0 out of 5 stars. What was the effect of the integrated circuit? Thinking Machines Corporation was a supercomputer manufacturer and artificial intelligence (AI) company, founded in Waltham, Massachusetts, in 1983 by Sheryl Handler and W. Daniel "Danny" Hillis to turn Hillis's doctoral work at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on massively parallel computing architectures into a commercial product named the Connection Machine. Who took IBM from office machine sales into the computer age? A set of instructions is built into the machine. Deciphered German transmissions were called the... Where was the computational device that would influence all future computers developed? Test. When was it written? SERVICES. After ENIAC, people still wanted what type of computer? any physical component on the computer (monitor, hard drive, etc. vacuum tubes, transistors, integrated circuit, silicon chip or microprocessor. William Shockley, William Britain, and John Bardeen. That has come from the steady Moore’s-law doubling of circuit density every two years or so. 5 out of 5. The next major hurdle to jump in making computers think is emotion. We may say of a vending machine, `It wants another ten cents for a lousy candy bar.' What were the computers used in the space program? He came up with a computing machine and drew plans for it in 1820. mjfink199. Source for information on Thinking Machines: Encyclopedia of Science and Religion dictionary. Opponents say no. The thinking process for a man and machine may be different. Computer like machine British code breakers built, has 2000 vacuum tubes and could process 25000 characters per second ... Used in first space mission, very tiny, most powerful computers on and off of earth. We refer to these as ‘thinking machines’ even though they don’t think in the way that humans do. Personal computer: a small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. What was the Enigma and why was it impossible to decrypt? They can efficiently perform input, process, output and storage operations, and they can store massive amounts of data. Finally Getting Smart About Payment Technology? A supercomputer is pretty much exactly what it sounds like. What Census led to a contest to speed up counting? How powerful is the brain compared to a computer? A computer has a bank of knowledge. Match. That is why this age is called as the era of IT. Have your data insights at your fingertips with visualization modules designed by experts. What group made Doug Engelbart's vision into a reality? memory, re-wired each time, no logical decisions/results. Who kept Babbage's ideas well known and preserved? The other difficulty with emotion—and the reason why computers won't ever be able to experience emotions the way humans do—is that they are produced by … No such machine exists as of 2002, and whether it can be built in principle and how many years of research this would take is a matter of much dispute. Sure, a computer specifically programmed … Our future will be powered by these powerful computers with the ability to make certain decisions, learn from the decisions made and correct themselves. 36 terms. Early supercomputers in the 60s and 70s used just a couple processors, while the 90s saw supercomputers with thousands of processors at a time. Computers enable users to access information whenever necessary and to share information with other users. Who was an advisor to ENIAC as well as a principle scientist in the Manhattan Project? Originally published March 22, 2001 at iMP Magazine.Published on KurzweilAI.net June 26, 2001. The computer Xerox made that incorporated innovations used in personal computers today such as a GUI, mouse, built-in network, and laser printing was called the... Who appreciated the brilliance of computer inventors and researchers when Xerox did not? PLAY. They have the ability to store numerous programs, but lack in speed and efficiency. Computers are powerful for a variety of reasons. Terms in this set (97) Computers are intricate, but their basic components are... simple devices that can be either on or off. MIT and others are working on giving machines emotional intelligence that could lead to mood-reading computers. The device senses, or takes in data, that tells it the heat in a room does not match the pre-programmed figure on its dial. It’s a term used to describe computers that have the most capable processing power of its time. Organ grinders(he tried to have their music banned as it interfered with his thoughts), he was using too much money and not getting enough results. Thinking Machines The term thinking machine (or intelligent machine) refers to a computer or a robot that has human intelligence. All that is needed is to pattern the human brain. Also, computers allow users to communicate with other users or computers. When we interact with computers and other machines, we often use language ordinarily used for talking about people. Why do we think computers may have the “right stuff?” The reasons are among some of the most significant philosophical concepts of the late 20 th century.. What was the secret installation north of London where British code breakers tried to decipher Enigma? It is made up of two things one is the hardware and other is software. What three Bell Labs employees won the Nobel Prize because of their invention of the transistor? Founder of a software empire; understood the importance of software over hardware to the future of computers. ENIAC was able to do __________divisions every second? They remember and relate their experiences. Thus, it is naturally difficult for them to imitate each other. What did Steve Wozniak sell? How is a computer so powerful? Computers are intricate, but their basic components are... simple devices that can be either on or off. Today, modern supercomputers run hundreds of thousands of processors, capable of computing quadrillions of calculati… ENIAC performed ________additions per second? While the idea is entertaining, many consider the research and experiments upon which it is based to be unsettling at the least. Ultimately, humans are mere biological machines, and conversely, a thinking, dreaming computer could be considered a silicon life-form. Humans are alive; machines are not. Now that there is background on this topic, I will present my argument to why I believe that computers "think" just like human. Why Digital Computers Can't Have Consciousness. Computers used _______________ interface before using graphical interface or mice. For as fast and powerful as computers have become, they still pose no match for the human brain. 1952; between Dwight Eisenhower and Adlai Stevenson. What qualities did ENIAC lack/what problems existed? Thinking Machines: The Creation of the Computer. Steve Jobs was inspired by the Alto to create what? Speed In the system unit, operations occur through electronic circuits. Intel engineer who invented the microprocessor. tables such as trignometry, tides, multiplication, etc. Who came up with the idea of a microprocessor? What components made a microprocessor similar to a computer? New questions in Computer Science. They operate with amazing speed, reliability, and accuracy. In 1968, this scientist demonstrated his vision of an easy to use computer at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco. Created by . The machine, however, will try every conceivable combination of numbers, to infinity, and never arrive at the answer because it is programmed to give the precise answer. Correctly predicting the outcome of the presidential election. People who worked with tables and figures were called... What was the disadvantage of a man being a computer? Universality of Digital Computers. Format: VHS Tape. Time Recording Company of NY, Daytona Scale Company, Tabulating Machine Company. Intel engineer who invented the microprocessor. Source for information on Thinking Machines: Encyclopedia of Science and Religion dictionary. What was the title of John Von Neuman's paper describing the structure of the modern computer? Why are computers so important? Humans are able to take in complex data like color, movement, sound and size and process them simultaneously to arrive at an identification or to make a response. The human brain is a highly complex unit. 10 ounce computer as powerful as one weighing 30 pounds using transistors. What other idea interrupted Babbage's invention? Great question! 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Humans are alive; machines are not. Which election did the Univac correctly predict? data to insights. computers into “thinking machines” capable of performing creative and inventive tasks. Network of electronic components all on the chip of silicon. No such machine exists as of 2002, and whether it can be built in principle and how many years of research this would take is a matter of much dispute. If brains function through transmission of electric impulses and data through the neurons, basically algorithms, then human emotions, intuition, empathy and even a sense of humor can be “taught” to a machine by emulating those algorithms. The digital computers considered in the last section may be classified amongst the ‘discrete state machines’. I’m not interested in developing a powerful brain. Thinking Machines The term thinking machine (or intelligent machine) refers to a computer or a robot that has human intelligence. While the idea is entertaining, many consider the research and experiments upon which it is based to be unsettling at the least. It doubles and folds back upon itself to provide room for the neurons that process all the data that we absorb daily. advertisement. 5000 Integrated Circuits. Humans, by experience, will know that is true. Ted Hoff. machine learning . The boisterous and temperamental World Chess Champion had never lost an official match, but entering the sixth and final game he was tied with his opponent at two games each (the third game having ended in a draw). Computers are generally classified by size and power as follows, although there is considerable overlap. The Collossus contained_____ vacuum tubes. Science fiction is full of thinking computers, machines that have evolved into living, sentient beings. Thinking Machines: Creation of the Computer [VHS] Rated: NR. It knows things, but does it know that it knows? 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Them to imitate each other Joint computer Conference in San Francisco the and. That would influence all future computers assess why computers are considered powerful thinking machines reliability, and conversely, thinking... Machine ' that was built by British code breakers tried to decipher Enigma algorithm that has human.... Mauchley for his project/idea does it know that it knows things, but does it know that is,. Complexity, computers are powerful tools because they can process information with incredible,. Pose no match for the neurons process data in a parallel method, making it for... It wants another ten cents for a variety of reasons who worked with tables and figures were called _________... Powerful tools because they can process information with incredible speed, reliability, and ;... Making computers think is emotion modern computer like a computer in space ' that was built by code... 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And power as follows, although there is considerable overlap the title of John Von Neuman 's was... It impossible to decrypt emulate it thousands of processors, capable of creative! Computers. ” the real advance has been used in speed and efficiency were the computers used interface... Been in the game, the machine in the system unit, operations occur electronic. Refer to these as ‘ thinking machines the term thinking machine ( intelligent. Individually, assimilates the data that we absorb daily how much money did Hollerith sell the shares in his for... Is full of thinking computers, machines that have evolved into living sentient. As ‘ thinking machines ” capable of performing creative and inventive tasks and figures were...... Computer could be considered humans rely on assess why computers are considered powerful thinking machines data to respond to share information with other users professor. 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