*The Dublin Regulation states that a refugee who comes to Europe must apply for asylum in the first safe country she/he arrives in. This report analyzes the role immigration has played in their rise and recent electoral fortunes in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. A particular challenge in 2015 was the fact that 35,000 asylum seekers were ‘unaccompanied minors’, children who arrived in Sweden without parents or other legal guardian (see the chart of Afghan and Syrian asylum seekers, with the share of children without parents marked in green). 2013-2021 Swedish Institute. ‘Twice in the past forty years I have been close to accepting a job in Finland. Young Swedes talk about how they would feel about being forced to leave their home country. There is a lot more trust in workers and their skills, without middle management meddling. New Swedish laws entering into force for 2019 January 14, 2019 Randy Gosda This compilation contains a selection of the acts and ordinances – both new and amended – that enter into force in the second half of 2018 or some time thereafter. ‘Back then, there were no bureaucracies or permits, just to take the boat across and start working. Many families in Sweden still have family ties to the USA, Canada, South America or Australia. It uses machinery so one does not need to work so hard. ‘If it was just up to me, I would never have left. Postcard sent by Carl Emanuel Anell from Seattle to his relatives in Sweden. Gale Wilson. Requirements for work permit If you are going to work for less than 90 … Most people living in Sweden who were born in another country come from Syria. He travelled steerage class, the cheapest ticket available. Kamran took the neighbour’s advice to heart and took Swedish courses for immigrants. The UK left the EU on 1 February 2020 but during the transition period, ending on 31 December 2020, EU law still applies to the UK. Linda Samir Mutawi was interviewed by Lola Akinmade Åkerström. Immigration to Sweden 2009-2019 Immigration to Denmark 2009-2019, by citizenship Perceptions on the proportion of immigrants in selected European countries in 2018 Pathway to residence maintained for eligible migrant workers. They’ve been long years, but they aren’t up yet.’. At the end of 2018, Sweden and all other UN countries adopted a world-first global migration agreement, which aims to improve the possibilities of legal migration and facilitate for countries that receive migrants. He also worked with the Kayany foundation, an NGO based in Beirut that aims to meet the needs and ensure the rights of children of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. I had to find work, find friends, and make a home for myself,’ explains Linda, whose Swedish is still quite limited. In Carl’s death certificate, the WPA was listed as his last employer. Through this job I learned so much about the Swedish culture, history, food, and traditions like Midsummer, Christmas and Easter,’ Kamran says. Besides, I had promised my father I wouldn’t stay in Sweden more than three years, so what would be the point of learning the language?’, He eventually came to realise that learning Swedish would not only help his social life, but also make it easier to find good jobs. The video interview with Mohammed Atif was done by Arantxa Hurtado, a Spanish Stockholm-based producer and photographer. be 18 years of age or older have a permanent residence permit (a temporary residence permit is not applicable) or have a right of residence or residence card (applies to you if you are an EU citizen or a close relative of an EU citizen) have met the requirements for habitual residence (i.e. But there is still a shortage of skilled workers in Sweden, and if you ask Jorma, he is far from retirement. ‘I didn’t choose to leave my country, I was compelled to leave,’ Mouhanad says. New asylum rules that will massively restrict immigrants “seeking asylum” in the United States from entering will be going into effect “in days, not weeks,” according to Director of Citizenship & Immigration Services Ken Cuccinelli.. His second reason has to do with Sweden’s reputation on human rights issues, which was very important to him. It wasn’t unthinkable that the king and a shop assistant could be roomed in the same hospital.’. Some worked in the fishing industry, while others, like Carl, found work in the burgeoning timber industry. Thank you for your letter I received some time ago. He apparently died of natural causes. He does not entirely fit the stereotype of the Finnish work migrant. When Silvio left Chile in 1986 at the age of 23, he was not personally under threat as he was not an activist. The most important step in integration is learning the new country’s language, Silvio says. I’ve only been here a little less than three years. (New laws from 2016 limit the possibilities of being granted residence permits.). The Great Depression hit timber workers especially hard. If you were legally resident in Sweden before 1 January 2021, you must apply for the new residency permit (uppehållsstatus) by 30 September 2021. She was born in 1978 in the city of Goražde, now part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. At first I handled the axe and the saw, but now I am hauling lumber. In Sweden, she applied for asylum, and got her residence permit after six months. It appears he might still have been writing to his brother David, now a grocer in the village of Sköllersta near Örebro (about 200 kilometers from the Swedish capital of Stockholm, editor’s note) even if the letters are no longer preserved. ‘Now I know Sweden is very different from Syria. In the 1970s, to control the rapid rise in immigration, the Swedish Migration Board began to regulate the process, especially when it came to workers. Before the young man left for the US, he visited Frida Welin’s photography studio to have one last picture taken for his family. Go to visitsweden.com to discover the wealth of tourist attractions that Sweden has to offer. Every fifth person of the current Swedish population was born in another country. A law change in 2018 made it possible for young people to apply for a residence permit for studies at gymnasiet, i.e. About 116,000 came to Sweden. For me it was more psychological, imagining all the horrible things you as a child associate with the word war.’. for the money. The US-led invasion of Iraq, which started in 2003, led to yet another wave of Iraqis migrating to Sweden. ‘I didn’t need Swedish in order to be a welder. ‘(But) I always thought Stockholm was one of the prettiest cities I have been to. He is proud of his craft, and still loves to work. Do not plan any travel if the Migration Agency has not asked you. See in your letter that many important people in Sw[eden] have finished their fight on life’s threadbare carpet and died…when I come to the United States I will send my addr[ess]… I will probably start my journey at the beginning of next month. ‘I was a graduate student about to defend my Master’s thesis project when I found myself having to leave my country.’. ‘First of all, it is a secure place where I can finally feel physically and psychologically safe; a place where I can start over and live a respectable life and think of having a job, family and children,’ he says. 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He has worked with various Swedish newspapers, magazines and publications, and he is part of the sizable Chilean community who call Stockholm home. As soon as he was cleared to leave the country, Kamran went to Toulouse, France, on a tourist visa to live with the sons of an old colleague of his father’s. UK nationals living in Sweden on 31 December 2020 will need to apply to the Swedish Migration Agency for residence status. Avoid weekends, since the decision makers normally work Monday to Friday. Why would I need a team leader to tell me how to weld? Sweden has a long history of migration. ‘The plan was to go back to Bosnia as soon as we could,’ Vildana says. New statement of changes to the Immigration Rules: HC 2099. Migration in total – both to and from Sweden – grew after 2000. ‘My Swedish husband and I met at the Cannes Film Festival back in 2011 during a work reception,’ Linda says. His hands are among those that literally built America. Zelga says: ‘When there’s peace, you think about things like beauty and design. Fast forward close to 30 years and Silvio has built a stable and more secure life in Sweden. ‘The unions had been fighting to get more holiday and here I was, working through all five weeks,’ he says. This website is administered by the Swedish Institute. The differences were less apparent. The Swedish population grew by more than 100,000 in 2014. New integration role for Sweden's jobs agency. As a comparison, the US and Canada combined took in 1,027 Iraqis the same year. In 2014, there were over 80,000 asylum seekers, with the three largest groups being Syrians, Eritreans and people with no state or country (stateless). At the age of 22 (at the time of writing), Zelga lives in a suburb just outside Södertälje, an industrial town south-west of Stockholm where around 37 per cent of residents are foreign-born and where a majority of the roughly 100,000 Assyrians who have emigrated to Sweden since the late 1960s live. Good to hear that you and your family are healthy… It’s been a difficult time at first, as there were no Swedes here, but now things are fine. It was in January and full-blown winter.’, ‘A neighbour to my family in Tehran had told me about Sweden, that it was easier to integrate into the system to work and study there, but that I would have to learn the Swedish language first.’. He landed in the Spruce Squadron’s 119th Company, and his Swedish relatives never heard from him again. Meet the Sweden-based Somali bandy team, a story of integration. Photo: Frida Welin. We will probably start our journey in Oct. Have nothing more to write this time. Visit business-sweden.se for information on how to trade with and invest in Sweden. Carl was called a swamper, which meant he was far down the totem pole and worked clearing a road through the forest for the timber industry’s various vehicles, from steam locomotives to gas-driven trucks. Immigration Rules: Index The rules are divided into different documents. Most of the immigrants who moved to Sweden in the first six months of 2019 were Swedish-born people returning home. The challenges that we face back home on a daily basis are not really present here,’ she adds. The men took them to Montenegro – still a part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia at the time – where her parents joined them a few days later. If you want more information, read about, 1887, the peak year of emigration to the US, Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD). Kamran Assadzadeh was interviewed by Lola Akinmade Åkerström. Eventually, Zelga’s family decided she would be safer in Sweden, where she arrived in August 2015. Sweden granted permanent residence permits to all Syrians who were in Sweden seeking asylum. ‘Here, most companies have a flat organisational structure, with few bosses and less need for middle management. Thousands of Syrians have fled to Europe in search of better lives, including many close friends of Mouhanad. The memory of leaving Bosnia still haunts Vildana Aganović, even though she now calls Sweden home. ‘Sweden is a place where I can start over and live a respectable life and think of having a job, family and children.’. Integration came easier to Vildana compared with many other refugees, not least because she was relatively young and picked up the language quickly. Meet 36-year-old Linda Samir Mutawi, a film producer and production manager. ‘In Montenegro, the police were known to arrest Muslims and bring them to the Bosnian Serb Army, so we were still not safe and continued to flee into Macedonia.’. At its height, a few hundred Swedes lived in Bayate. 2. Trunks nine to ten feet in diameter are not uncommon…I can read a little English, but it is still halting… perhaps I will be sending home some money if you would put it in a bank for me. Leaving his beloved Damascus in order to preserve his personal safety was a difficult decision for Mouhanad because he knew he probably won’t be able to go back to Syria until its political situation has changed. New statement of changes to the Immigration Rules: HC 1919. This is a translated and edited version of an original article by Ola Larsmo for Swedish daily DN. ‘The culture is so different from my own that it is still exciting to learn new things every day,’ he says. Once brick buildings started popping up all over the country, Italian workers skilled in bricklaying and stuccowork also started moving in. Enclosed a special rct. Vildana Aganović was interviewed by Lola Akinmade Åkerström. He was pleasantly surprised by the egalitarianism when he first arrived. ‘When I moved here, I came from Chile which at that time was run by a dictatorship,’ Silvio notes. She believes Sweden sets a good example of accepting refugees, which in turn leads to a large influx of foreigners in search of a higher quality of life, something Sweden is widely known for. In Sweden, high-skilled migrants are being deported by the Migration Agency on the grounds of small technical mistakes. Right-wing voters on the rise 09:48. Then the catastrophe hit. Photo: Aline Lessner, ‘I left Syria for my family’s sake more than for my own,’ Zelga Gabriel says. They were working class rather than farmers like earlier emigrants, and they ended up in large cities, such as Chicago – and Seattle. The Swedish Parliament has now made a decision on what will apply for British citizens after Brexit. Interior design has lost its appeal as a profession. Many work migrants also returned back to their countries after a few years of work in Sweden, statistically accounting for both immigration and emigration. ‘I love the fact that there is such a work–life balance, and the system is so efficient.’, ‘I have also lived in Europe and the Middle East and have travelled and lived in a number of countries, so I adapt easily to new environments and new people,’ Linda points out. Swedish asylum policy has taken a restrictionist turn since the country received a record-breaking number of asylum seekers in 2015 and after electoral gains by the nationalist, anti-immigration Sweden Democrats pushed the governing coalition to a harder line. ‘I feel it is my responsibility to write about it. It was in January and full-blown winter,’ he says. In 2014 every fifth immigrant was from Syria and in 2015 almost every fourth, making Syrians the single largest immigrant group. Meet Zelga Gabriel. This record was only broken in 2011, when more than 51,000 emigrated from the country – but this time mostly to other European countries and some to the US and China. But the integration issues need to be tackled in a more effective way, she adds. Credit... Nora Lorek for The New York Times Her husband and his family and friends are mostly Swedish, and she already had a few Swedish friends prior to moving. Though hardly new to most Nordic countries, radical-right parties have grown in popular support and political power in recent years. The legislation changes partly explain the immigration decline in Sweden in the early 1970s, as work migration into the country dropped considerably. She remembers her exit from Goražde as swift and unexpected. U.S. Asylum Agents: 'Very Little Time' To Prepare Before New Immigration Rule The memo, written by the head of asylum at U.S. From there, he travelled to Liverpool, where he boarded the Campania, an emigrant ship of the Cunard Line. Then, the Syrian Civil War broke out. The reason I haven’t largely has to do with the work mentality in Sweden. The peak year of the great emigration was 1887, when more than 50,000 people left Sweden – most of them to the Americas. The Finns, for instance, returned in masses to Finland where the economy had begun to boom. It’s also worth noting that in 1887 the emigrants made up 1 per cent of the population, in 2011 only 0.5 per cent. This is the official site of Sweden, offering you the facts and stories of our country. If the Swedish Migration Agency requires proof that you are currently not in Sweden: 1. ... Sweden approves new labour immigration law. He will make a full recovery.’. Macedonia, having seceded from Yugoslavia in 1991, was safer, but her family wanted to flee the region altogether and continued all the way to Turkey. ‘I have always had a positive attitude and was able to quickly use my Farsi language skills to be an impromptu interpreter at work for Iranians who were having operations or who needed help translating medical terms.’, ‘As I see it, if you yourself have decided to move somewhere, then it’s self-evident to learn the language and culture, to make an effort to fit into society, to contribute, and to want to vote.’, Still, Sweden in many aspects remains intriguing to him. Meet Jorma Latva, who moved from Finland during the peak of the big work migration to Sweden, as a 21-year-old in 1968. He chose Sweden because his sister was already living there at the time. His English is still rather ‘halting’; he filled in his profession as ‘lager’ – the Swedish word for warehouse – and his nationality as ‘alien’. Perhaps he worked on the Grand Coulee Dam in Seattle, perhaps on a road. She got her journalism degree in 2001, after which she spent a year in Bosnia to reconnect with her roots. Today, some 45,000 people with Chilean background reside in Sweden, following the refugee waves caused by Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship of Chile during 1973–1990. In this faded sepia photograph is a serious young man with a cap, as well as a cane that he doesn’t need. ‘Despite feeling bad and the guilty emotions I had about leaving my country, when I think logically about it, I believe I made the right decision,‘ he says. Photo: Lola Akinmade Åkerström. She understood later on that it had been her parents’ only choice to get her and her siblings out of the city in time. Where do Sweden's immigrants come from in 2019? Kamran lives with his partner, but his extended family still lives in Iran. ‘When I think about it now, I still cannot believe I lived through such a horrible thing. Immigration New Zealand has extended its newcomer skills matching and job search assistance services programme to prioritise assisting skilled migrants who have lost jobs as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The proprietor had detected the odor of gas escaping from the room and when the firemen burst in they found the same man whose life they had saved in a similar situation last February. Eventually, Kamran got comfortable enough with the Swedish language to study at university, and he enrolled at Uppsala University. ‘During the war, there were so many restrictions and the universities were closed.’. Eight years later, on Black Tuesday in 1929, the American and world economies were shattered. But when you know that you might die at any time, then that is like you’re being forced.’. It meant I could begin my studies and really plan for the future.’ He also found a job providing assistance and care to elderly at a geriatric clinic. From the 1940s till 2017, that used to be Finland. Particular conditions applied and the possibility was time-limited. Now I receive $2.75 a day. All of these people had found new homes in Seattle. ‘I try to give my point of view and what to do about racism, the importance of acknowledging that it exists today in order to be able to do something about it,’ Vildana says. The coroner’s report reads: ‘The police report that there was a deceased man at the above address. In 1908, he was one of 20,000 young Swedes leaving the country that year. Only 5 per cent of immigrants in 2019 came from Syria. ‘It took me just a few months to learn Swedish and then I took it from there,’ she says. Roma people started immigrating as early as the 1500s, while Walloons – French-speaking people from Belgium – came to Sweden in the late 1600s as the country’s iron industry began to develop. For five years, Syrians have made up the largest share of immigrants, but in 2019 the largest immigration group was returning Swedes, followed by … Linda is one of them. 7 March 2019. At the end of 1908, Carl stepped onto the train to Copenhagen. During the war Kamran served as an armed guard in Iran’s capital, Tehran, tasked with observing bomber aircraft that left for Iraq. Read more about working in Sweden at workinginsweden.se. For Jorma, the job situation was somewhat different. What can Sweden do? From 1 December, both the residence permit card and right of residence card issued by the Swedish Migration Agency will look different. I try to see my life here as a new chance,’ she says. At 18, she was an interior design student at Aleppo University’s Faculty of Fine Arts. In 1908, Carl Emanuel Anell left Sweden for the US – but first, he had his picture taken. He ended up settling down near Stockholm. The index page will help you find the part you need. ‘The beauty of it is that I feel I have the freedom and power to fight for equality for all the people living here,’ Vildana says. For a number of years, there was a kind of ‘Cuba Fever’ among Swedish Americans. The US had decided to build an air force – and the planes of that era were biplanes made of spruce wood. All you need to know about Swedish higher education and scholarships is available at studyinsweden.se. He would exceed the maximum amount of overtime hours and keep on going. Inform your case officer about your travel plans. The application will open on 1 december. 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