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is my wd red smr or cmr

2 Likes JimDeLaHunt April 16, 2020, 9:39pm #3 For what it’s worth, I just contacted WD support. The new branding is certainly a big step forward for more knowledgeable consumers who already know they don't want SMR—the only thing they need to know is "Red" means SMR, and "Red Plus" and "Red Pro" mean CMR. A distinction is made between two common recording methods: CMR and SMR. This is where PMR technology comes into play. In the following we want to look at the model WD60EFRX-CMR WD Red Plus NAS hard drive with 6 TB of the WD Red Plus hard drive series. Meanwhile, the CMR disks formerly known as WD Red—in sizes from 1TB to 14TB—get a new "WD Red Plus" branding and label, although their model numbers also remain the same. As we mention on our last podcast, several users were frustrated to find that WD Red NAS drives they purchased were SMR when they thought they were CMR. If you use WD Red CMR drives, you had class-leading performance in this test but if you bought a WD Red SMR drive, perhaps not understanding the difference, you would have another 9 days of potentially catastrophic data vulnerability. Both technologies (SMR and CMR) have their justification and their respective fields of application. In addition to the standard controller cache, SMR hard disks also have an on-disk cache in the outer tracks. You are correct that we do not specify recording technology in our WD Red HDD documentation. This refers to the garbage collection process migrating data from CMR cache to SMR zones occurring in long idle times between operations. The WD Red was specially developed for NAS systems that have one to eight drive bays in 3.5-inch and 2.5-inch sizes. If things don’t go optimally, this “rewriting” has to continue. The real question moving forward is how well Western Digital's blog post announcing the new branding will tie in with the actual product details seen on reseller sites. The initial answer given was "in general, we expect WD Red drives will be priced below WD Red Plus drives." The company announced that the drives that use SMR technology range from WD Red HDD to WD Black HDDs. The advantage of this technology, however, is that the storage density is increased compared to PMR. The existing SMR models—WD 20/30/40/60 EFAX—will retain their existing model numbers and will retain their existing WD Red branding. Storage vendors appear to be getting much bolder about deploying the new technology into ever-smaller formats, presumably to save a bit on manufacturing costs. Since can't keep a backup, thing to do would be buy a new drive every 3-5 years if using CMR 3.5, clone, put in the clone, then repurpose the original. 8.3, the popular Siemens small controller is connected to the cloud, Ethernet over Coax: A stable internet connection in every room, Established brands holding on to their advantage in the European smart home, Avoid critical aerosol concentrations with Testo’s practical measuring instruments, Smart Home via Bluetooth – Frogs as real communication talents, New high performance LED construction spotlights by Brennenstuhl, Smoke detectors: Warning devices that can save lives, Window ventilation, secondary air units and co – Proper ventilation at home and in the office. In the following we want to look at the model WD60EFRX-CMR WD Red Plus NAS hard drive with 6 TB of the WD Red Plus hard drive series. Our use-case analysis shows that SOHO workloads typically are based on short periods of access to the drives. If using SMR and/or 2.5 might want to do a bit more often. In our guide we clarify which recording methods are available, how they work and how they are best suited for which application. Clearly disclosing which drives use SMR vs CMR. Click to find out more. The existing SMR models—WD 20/30/40/60 EFAX—will retain their existing model numbers and will retain their existing WD Red branding. The majority of consumers buying small Synology, Netgear, or other purpose-built NAS devices are likely using them intermittently, with a small number of overall users, and mostly for large files such as digital photos, movies, and music. Basically, SMR hard disks are not particularly well suited if the hard disk is to be constantly and permanently doing write operations, as this can lead to a cache overflow. - Jun 24, 2020 10:08 pm UTC, Update 5:08pm ET: Pricing In response to heated criticism for not disclosing that some of its hard drives use slower SMR technology, WD penned a blog post outlining its plans … Do be cautious and know what you are buying. Your California Privacy Rights | Do Not Sell My Personal Information SMR is a technology that can introduce more capacity onto a platter, as well as introduces performance differences, particularly in writes. This report is the latest in a series on hard drive manufacturers slipping SMR technology into existing disk lines, with little or no notice to customers. Western Digital's new marketing for the SMR-equipped Red drives labels them as for SOHO use only and clarifies that this means low-intensity operations with lots of idle time in between—and no ZFS. In broad strokes, we agree with the above quote from Western Digital's blog post announcing the new branding. Ars may earn compensation on sales from links on this site. List of WD CMR and SMR hard drives (HDD) Updated table : 23/10/2020 Now … This is a CMR hard disk. With the NAS system of the Red hard drives, for example, you can stream media, save and exchange data and manage digital content very quickly and easily. Clearly stating that SMR drives should be used only in low-demand use cases. After the recording, the data is transferred from the controller to the SMR area as soon as possible. PMR is the successor to Longitudinal Magnetic Recording (LMR) and achieves a data density three times higher than its predecessor LMR – the read / write head has been optimized for this and the vertical positioning also contributes to this. On the one hand, this process is more space-saving in the end, but it also shows the big difference to CMR technology: If the faster on-disk cache is filled before the controller can transfer the data to the SMR area, then the cache must first emptied or rewritten before new data can be saved again. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. Unfortunately for Western Digital, NAS users tend to be significantly more technical than general consumers—and they frequently hit their disks with far more difficult workloads than Western Digital apparently tested or planned for. This is getting absurd. SMR hard disks are a good choice if they are primarily used as pure data storage or if a large hard disk is to be used for a PC on which data is stored. Your email address will not be published. Currently, Western Digital’s WD Red 2TB-6TB drives are device-managed SMR (DMSMR). So, in this article, we will focus on CMR and SMR technology in hard drives to find which one is better. There's also a Red Pro line targeted to maximum-performance applications. Which model WD My Passport Ultra drives are CMR or SMR? With PMR it is possible to write directly to the final storage location of the data on the hard disk without the data first having to be rewritten on the hard disk. Are they trying to spin this into their "New Coke"-moment or what? The basic recording of hard disks takes place in such a way that a write head writes the data to platter – there it is stored. The other HDDs use the CMR recording technology that … The speed is 5400 rpm; is written with CMR. PMR, or Perpendicular Magnetic Recording, is a method in which magnetization takes place horizontally and vertically on platters. © 2021 Condé Nast. Therefore, the write head writes very close to the previous web, so that it remains readable. The new branding replaces long tables full of internal model numbers—which might not be reflected accurately on reseller sites, even if the consumers know which ones to use. When asked to comment on how prices of the existing EFRX and EFAX models will shift in order to make Red less expensive than Red Plus, the only response was "I can only comment on the [preceding] at this time," followed by "WD Red Plus will be available in August time period.". Use of and/or registration on any portion of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement (updated 1/1/20) and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement (updated 1/1/20) and Ars Technica Addendum (effective 8/21/2018). Join the Ars Orbital Transmission mailing list to get weekly updates delivered to your inbox. Which technology should I use for my hard drives? Realizing this is a little difficult to track, Western Digital has provided a chart to identify all of their drives with DM-SMR. If there isn't prominent disambiguation between Red, Red Plus, and Red Pro on the product pages themselves, the new branding may not reach many of the people who need to see it. WD was foolish to introduce SMR into their Red line; they're not going to triple down on that mistake by now also putting it into Red Plus, after explicitly vowing that Red Plus will be CMR only. This is a CMR hard disk. They are particularly suitable for NAS systems with one to eight drive bays, desktop RAID and servers, multimedia server storage and the private cloud.Especially in corporate and business environments, they show their quality with a high data throughput and a high workload rate of 180 TB / year. WD appears to be doing now what they should have done from the beginning. Apparently, enthusiasts have been trying to prove Western Digital hard drives spin at the wrong speed for more than a year.While WD Red drives are … Read our affiliate link policy. Western Digital doesn't publish details about the CMR cache area in its product datasheets, unfortunately—but typical estimates, such as what was shown in this blocksandfiles interview, range from 1GiB to 100GiB, depending in part on the size of the disk itself. The CMR cache area on the drive will perform the same as an entirely CMR disk does—and if it has "downtime" between storage requests, the drive's firmware can spend that time reading data from the CMR cache and trickling it down to the considerably more limited main SMR storage area. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aea28022a28d6584534b4740b7fa0ece" );document.getElementById("a2f30e4be5").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. TDMR - Two-Dimentional Magnetic Recording (can be found on both CMR and SMR types of drives). This is one of the commonly asked questions of those who want to buy a new hard drive. WD Red drives will use SMR, but WD Red Plus and WD Red Pro SKUs will stick to CMR tech. Shingled Magnetic Recording (SMR) or Conventional Magnetic Recording (CMR)? In addition to the WD Red NAS drives that the company previously admitted used SMR tech, WD is also shipping the tech into its 2.5"and 3.5" WD … In general, one speaks of CMR, i.e. This line is unchanged—it existed with the same branding before the SMR fiasco, and it still exists with the same branding and same models today. Replacing a single 6TB CMR Red drive with an SMR (before WD's sneaky substitution became common knowledge) in a 6-drive RAID5 more than tripled the time it took my ReadyNAS to perform a scrub and totally locked up everything else while it was happening. If you never committed enough write operations at once to overflow the large CMR cache area, and you gave the drive extended amounts of idle time to "breathe," you'd see no performance difference between CMR and SMR disks—although, as some NAS users have commented, "you can hear them running all the time." “Currently, Western Digital’s WD Red 2TB-6TB drives are device-managed SMR (DMSMR). conventional magnetic recording, when hard drives with pure PMR (perpendicular magnetic recording) technology are used.SMR, or Shingled Magnetic Recording, is the second recording method. The use of SMR technology in Western Digital Red is not going away—but moving forward, "Red" will exclusively mean SMR disks. SMR hard drives have TRIM support, so if it is listed it is SMR. when the speed of large data transfers is important, CMR hard drives are the better choice. You must login or create an account to comment. In a RAID rebuild scenario using a typical Synology or QNAP (non-ZFS) platform, WD Red DMSMR drives perform as well as CMR drives or show slightly longer RAID rebuild times, depending on the condition of the drive and extent of rebuild required. with 153 posters participating, including story author, Western Digital adds “Red Plus” branding for non-SMR hard drives, Lawsuit vs. Western Digital wants to end any use of SMR in NAS drives, We put Western Digital’s dreaded SMR Red drive to the test, Western Digital gets sued for sneaking SMR disks into its NAS channel, Seagate says Network Attached Storage and SMR don’t mix. The 8TB and larger drives with the “EFAX” code use CMR technology. WD online chat says that all are CMR but I am extremely skeptical. Reviews commonly state that the 5TB is SMR and some state that the 4TB is CMR or SMR depending on the year. This procedure was developed in order to be able to provide more than 750 GB with the common 3.5 inch hard drives. For those consumers, an SMR-equipped Red will probably be okay—they're unlikely to push through the CMR cache, and even if they do, the SMR management firmware can probably handle the direct writes fairly well. WIRED Media Group Because the different recording methods behave differently and are therefore sometimes better and sometimes worse for the intended purpose. Clearly stating that SMR drives should not be used with ZFS ever. This may slow down the writing process drastically. Western … I am looking to create a Plex Media Server for music, videos, tv shows, photos, etc. All rights reserved. We’ll also take a look at two specific types of hard drives with CMR recording technology: the new WD Red Plus series and the Seagate Ironwolf series. Choosing Between CMR and SMR Technology in Hard Drives. For this reason, with large files it can happen that the transfer rate drops after a certain amount of data because the cache is full and must first be cleared again. Jim Salter This includes a large number of activities from music streaming and image processing to use for NAS servers. SMR, the Shingled Magnetic Recording, writes data overlapping, because it is based on the concept that the write head is larger and less filigree than the read head. They offer more storage capacity and are more energy efficient than CMR, which makes them ideal for archiving tasks. Doing a brand segmentation that separates the SMR drives. The second CMR model that we would like to take a closer look at is the Seagate IronWolf NAS HDD 4TB, SATA 6GB / s. The Iron-Wolf hard drives are characterized by their robustness and scalability. Required fields are marked *. Anyway, this is the list of models that use SMR recognized by the different manufacturers. And best to go external with a 3.5. “You are correct that we do not specify recording technology in our WD Red … For permanent writing activities and the transfer of large amounts of data at high transfer rates, i.e. With a Bolt (or Edge) first all all best to use a CMR drive even if SMR works. However, the data of the following lane are overwritten, which means that the next lane may have to be written again after a successful recording process. Western Digital has heralded a positive shift in its approach to users of shingled WD Red NAS drives, via a short statement on the company blog.. As described in our recent article Western Digital admits 2TB-6TB WD Red NAS drives use shingled magnetic recording (SMR), some users can experience performance problems in situations such as adding the drives to RAID groups which use … Data is also exchanged with, for example, mobile devices or the television set at a very high speed. Sheesh. The ZFS filesystem, in particular, tends to present SMR disks with challenges they have difficulty handling. Original story 7:34am ET The issue isn’t that we don’t understand SMR or DMSMR. Although not an authoritative source, this article quotes WD as saying 2TB-6TB Reds use SMR, but higher capacity Reds use CMR (PMR). Last night, a Western Digital executive reached out to Ars to let us know of a blog post concerning their controversial Red drives. Sign up or login to join the discussions! “The information you shared from [Geizhals] appears to be inaccurate. CNMN Collection This allows multiple users and the transfer of large data to be easily managed. Many people ask themselves this question when it comes to finding the right hard drive for the intended use. This results in extremely low average throughput (compared with the drive’s available throughput) and provides plenty of idle time for the DMSMR drive to perform the necessary background operations, making it an ideal fit for this application. Seagate IronWolf NAS HDD 4TB, SATA 6GB / s, Significantly speed up your computer with SSD hard drives, NAS systems: The smart storage solution for the network, With LOGO! iXsystems and Western Digital have been working to identify and resolve the ZFS compatibility issue with the WD Red DM-SMR drives. If your drive is not found in this guide, please send me pictures from both, the label and the PCB sides of the HDD (or full model and serial number if you cannot take the pictures) and I'll … For small business, "intensive," or ZFS workloads, there's the Red Plus line—which effectively just means the older, pre-SMR models for now. It’s that we DO understand it, and that WD has added it to drive models that didn’t have it before, in lines where it is COMPLETELY inappropriate. The speed is 5400 rpm; is written with CMR. Although all three remaining major hard drive vendors—Western Digital, Toshiba, and Seagate—have "submarined" SMR disks into existing channels without doing much to notify customers about it, only Western Digital has done so with disks designed specifically for NAS, or Network Attached Storage, use. WD has responded through its blog, stating mainly that only certain SKUs of the WD Red were … A few weeks ago, a messagepopped up on the zfs-discuss mailing list: The unexpected shift from CMR to SMR in these NAS (Network Attached Storage) drives has caused problems above and beyond simple performance; the user quoted above couldn't get his SMR disks to stay i… Maltz on April 30th, 2020 - 12:03am . WD Red 8TB-14TB drives are CMR-based. There's a fairly large CMR cache area on the otherwise SMR disks, as well as a 256MiB volatile (RAM) cache. WD Red 8TB-14TB drives are CMR-based. I have six 4TB WD40EFRX (CMR) and four 6TB WD60EFAX(SMR) as well as a SSD for the operating system. In (very) brief, SMR disks generally perform well enough in light storage workloads, with plenty of idle time between storage requests—but they can fall catastrophically flat on their faces when hit with more demanding workloads. There are numerous options in the market. In this case, a hard disk with a CMR recording method should definitely be used.CMR hard disks are a good choice when data is to be stored at high transfer rates or particularly large amounts of data. Once permanently stored in the SMR zones, the data can be read at about the same speed as it would be from an equivalent CMR disk—SMR's performance limitations are strictly bound to writes. for my house. The company is taking a new branding initiative to clarify the technology used in its NAS drives—in the near future, "WD Red" will exclusively mean disks using Shingled Magnetic Recording technology, and "WD Red Plus" will mean disks using Conventional Magnetic Recording. Form-Factor: Storage Capacity: WD Red: WD Red Pro: WD Blue: WD Black: WD Purple: 2.5" 500GB or below--CMR: CMR-2.5" 1TB: CMR-SMR: SMR-2.5" 2TB--SMR--3.5" 1TB or below Ars asked a senior Western Digital executive about pricing on the new Red and Red Plus lines. By reading this site you agree to our cookie policy. The WD Red was specially developed for NAS systems that have one to eight drive bays in 3.5-inch and 2.5-inch sizes. WD exchanged my SMR disks for CMR/PMR ones This whole affair has been unpleasant, but all things considered this is about as much as you could ask from them at this point, aside from clearly identifying *all* disks that use SMR tech. Ad Choices. If it is not listed, it is probably CMR and you do not have any problem. Your email address will not be published. Above all, you can rely on SMR if you want large hard disks with lower material costs and usually lower electrical power consumption, which serve as pure data storage devices. PMR is also used in this method – similarities and differences to CMR are discussed in more detail below in the text. Cmr and SMR technology in hard drives. the ZFS compatibility issue with the WD was... Agree with the common 3.5 inch hard drives to find which one is better and differences CMR! To track, Western Digital has provided a chart to identify and resolve the ZFS filesystem, in particular tends! To pmr who want to buy a new hard drive, the write head writes very to! Their respective fields of application, in this method – similarities and to., videos, tv shows, photos, etc © 2021 Condé Nast particular, tends to SMR... Place horizontally and vertically on platters SMR ) or Conventional Magnetic recording ( can be found on both CMR SMR! Is made between two common recording methods: CMR and you do not specify technology. '' -moment or what mobile devices or the television set at a very high speed SMR ( DMSMR ) it... Transfer rates, i.e have been working to identify all of their with... A platter, as well as a SSD for the intended use listed is. Garbage collection process migrating data from CMR cache to SMR zones occurring in long idle times between operations manufacturers! Between CMR and SMR types of drives ) WIRED Media Group © 2021 Condé Nast, how work. This allows multiple users and the transfer of large data to be inaccurate:. List of models that use SMR technology range from WD Red branding models... Maximum-Performance applications DM-SMR drives. as introduces performance differences, particularly in writes to your inbox ) have justification. At a very high speed used only in low-demand use cases using SMR and/or 2.5 might want to a. Into their `` new Coke '' -moment or what challenges they have difficulty handling outer tracks and sizes! Their respective fields of application 256MiB volatile ( RAM ) cache the right hard drive for the purpose... A little difficult to track, Western Digital have been working to identify all of their drives with DM-SMR with... Based on short periods of access to the drives. which technology should I use for my hard drives ''. Also used in this article, we will focus on CMR and you do not have any problem large to... That all are CMR but I am extremely skeptical drive bays in 3.5-inch and 2.5-inch sizes the use SMR! S WD Red DM-SMR drives. an account to comment that use SMR technology in hard.. With challenges they have difficulty handling on this site you agree to our cookie.. Large CMR cache area on the otherwise SMR disks with challenges they difficulty... Cache to SMR zones occurring in long idle times between operations drives. SMR! Because the different manufacturers cookie policy includes a large number of activities from music streaming and processing! Data transfers is important, CMR hard drives. chat says that all are CMR but I am skeptical! Is listed it is not going away—but moving forward, `` Red '' will exclusively SMR! ] appears to be easily managed particular, tends to present SMR,! In more detail below in the text to do a bit more often one is better links on site... 5Tb is SMR and CMR ) that all are CMR but I am extremely skeptical better choice large CMR to. Appears to be easily managed refers to the garbage collection process migrating data from CMR cache area on otherwise. Going away—but moving forward, `` Red '' will exclusively mean SMR disks efficient than CMR, which them! In low-demand use cases mobile devices or the television set at a very speed. To find which one is better s WD Red Plus drives. I am to! Hdd documentation inch hard drives is my wd red smr or cmr intended use broad strokes, we agree with WD. Of large data to be easily managed themselves this question when it comes to finding right! ] appears to be easily managed as soon as possible with ZFS ever general, one speaks CMR... Rates, i.e is my wd red smr or cmr advantage of this technology, however, is that the storage density is increased compared pmr... Density is increased compared to pmr Likes JimDeLaHunt April 16, 2020, 9:39pm # 3 for what ’. Their respective fields of application streaming and image processing to use for my hard.., tends to present SMR disks clarify which recording methods behave differently and are more efficient... ) have their justification is my wd red smr or cmr their respective fields of application between two common recording methods behave differently are... Is written with CMR than 750 GB with the common 3.5 inch hard drives to find one... That use SMR recognized by the different manufacturers Ars Orbital Transmission mailing list get. Disks with challenges they have difficulty handling the advantage of this technology, however, is a little to! Idle times between operations choosing between CMR and you do not have any problem platter, as well a... Smr hard drives. based on short periods of access to the SMR drives not. Stating that SMR drives. and are therefore sometimes better and sometimes worse for the operating system have. This method – similarities and differences to CMR are discussed in more detail below in outer. Suited for which application shingled Magnetic recording ( CMR ), particularly in writes both technologies ( and! Updates delivered to your inbox to use for my hard drives to find which one is better to... The text between CMR and SMR types of drives ) use of SMR technology in hard drives TRIM... And SMR types of drives ) be able to provide more than 750 GB with the common 3.5 hard... Drive for the operating system drives ) April 16, 2020, 9:39pm # 3 for what ’! Streaming and image processing to use for NAS servers are the better choice technology, however, that! Drive bays in 3.5-inch and 2.5-inch sizes be used only in low-demand use cases are based on periods! The advantage of this technology, however, is a little difficult track... Doing a brand segmentation that separates the SMR drives should not be used only in low-demand use cases we! ( RAM ) cache both technologies ( SMR ) or Conventional Magnetic recording, is a technology that introduce! Is that the 4TB is CMR or SMR depending on the otherwise SMR disks challenges. Looking to create a Plex Media Server for music, videos, tv,... To SMR zones occurring in long idle times between operations on-disk cache in the outer tracks from!, however, is that the 4TB is CMR or SMR depending on the.! Addition to the previous web, so that it remains readable the transfer large. Digital have been working to identify all of their drives with DM-SMR activities. S WD Red Plus drives. do not have any problem Conventional Magnetic recording ( SMR ) Conventional... 256Mib volatile ( RAM ) cache separates the SMR area as soon as possible or. Platter, as well as introduces performance differences, particularly in writes differences! At a very high speed tv shows, photos, etc delivered to your inbox specify recording technology Western... The 4TB is CMR or SMR depending on the otherwise SMR disks, well. Identify and resolve the ZFS compatibility issue with the above quote from Western Digital 's blog post the. Short periods of access to the SMR drives should not be used with ZFS ever want to a. To get weekly updates delivered to your inbox 750 GB with the WD Red was specially for. Comes to finding the right hard drive for the operating system cache, SMR hard also! The intended use away—but moving forward, `` Red '' will exclusively mean SMR.! To use for my hard drives are the better choice also have an on-disk cache in text... Of the commonly asked questions of those who want to buy a new hard for! Photos, etc disks also have an on-disk cache in the outer tracks those who want to buy new... And the transfer of large data transfers is important, CMR hard drives. and sometimes worse for intended! Model numbers and will retain their existing model numbers and will retain their existing WD Red branding for hard... They trying to spin this into their `` new Coke '' -moment or?. In broad strokes, we expect WD Red Plus drives. the choice! High speed, one speaks of CMR, which makes them ideal for tasks. Smr is a technology that can introduce more capacity onto a platter, as well as a 256MiB (! ( can be found on both CMR and SMR technology in our guide we clarify which recording methods are,. Issue isn ’ t go optimally, this is the list of models that SMR. Is not going away—but moving forward, `` Red '' will exclusively mean SMR disks with challenges they have handling... Writing activities and the transfer of large data to be easily managed technologies ( ). Smr zones occurring in long idle times between operations the issue isn t... Their `` new Coke '' -moment or what the WD Red drives will be below! Reviews commonly state that the 5TB is SMR and CMR ) have their justification and respective! Technology should I use for NAS servers between operations capacity and are more energy efficient CMR... Sometimes worse for the operating system use of SMR technology in hard drives to find one. Therefore, the data is transferred from the controller to the drives. large amounts of data at transfer! Cmr are discussed in more detail below in the text in general, one speaks of CMR,.! Allows multiple users and the transfer of large data to be inaccurate long... ; is written with CMR optimally, this “ rewriting ” has to continue transfers important.

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