, The Kerala Government has decided to develop the City of Kollam as a "Port City of Kerala". Kerala Ceramics Ltd. in Kundara, Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Company in Kundara, Kerala Premo Pipe factory in Chavara, Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited in Chavara and United Electrical Industries in Kollam are Kerala Government-owned companies.  The Aayis controlled the land from present-day Kollam district in the north, through Thiruvananthapuram district, all in Kerala, to the Kanyakumari district. The 7.7 km long Kollam Canal is connecting Paravur Lake ans Ashtamudi Lake. Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 November 1982 carving out the entire Pathanamthitta taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur taluk from Kollam district, entire Thiruvalla taluk and part of Chengannur and Mavelikkara taluks from Alapphuzha district and parts of Idukki district. Ashtamudi Lake is considered the southern gateway to the backwaters of Kerala and is a prominent tourist destination at Kollam. Four major trading centers around Kollam are Kottarakara, Punalur, Paravur and Karunagapally.  Two open grounds in the city, the Asramam Maidan and Peeranki Maidan, are also used for sports events, practice and warm-up matches. Notable individuals born in Kollam include: "Quilon" redirects here. An estimated 134,973 persons are engaged in fishing and allied activities. Kollam Tourism: Tripadvisor has 9,010 reviews of Kollam Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam Tourism resource. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). There is a KSRTC bus station beside Ashtamudi Lake. For other uses, see. The Thiruvananthapuram-Shornur canal, which forms a part of the Thiruvananthapuram-Hosdurg system, runs a distance of about 62 km.  Ammachiveedu Muhurthi temple is another major temple in the city that have been founded around 600 years ago by the Ammachi Veedu family, aristocrats from Kollam. The district has many water bodies. Kollam City is divided into three subdivisions, Karunagappally, Kollam and Chathannoor, each under an Assistant Commissioner of Police. So the area will become 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi) with a total city population of 384,892. However, Kollam Airport at Asramam was the first aerodrome in Kerala. The newly formed district has been carved out of Nagapattinam district. Kollam's coastline is 37.3 kilometres (23.2 mi), 6.3 percent of Kerala's total coastline. It is now the pro-cathedral of Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon – the ancient and first Catholic diocese of India. , This article is about the district in Kerala. Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India. The district has many waterbodies. , The western portion of Kollam is bordered by the Laccadive Sea. The West coast canal system, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram in the south and ends at Hosdurg in the north, passes through Paravur, the city of Kollam and Karunagappally taluk. It was formed on November 1, 1980 merging parts of North Wayanad taluk of Kozhikode (Calicut) and south Wayanad taluk of Kannur District. Kallada River is one among them, and the east side land of river is East Kallada and the west side land is West Kallada. The revenue division of Kollam has its head quarters at Quilon. Spices, pearls, diamonds, and silk were exported to Egypt and Rome from these ports. 01/11/1980. The Government of Kerala has granted academic autonomy to Fatima Mata National College, another prestigious institution in the city. Sasthamcotta Lake, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) from Kollam, is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala and a domestic tourist destination. Marco Polo, the Venetian traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublai Khan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). 3 bedroom with one attached and one ac bedroom,one drawing room and one dining room,2 kitchen w first seen over a month ago on Quikr ₹ 60 lakhs Related searches. Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD) mentions Greek ships anchored at Muziris and Nelcynda. The company owns 30 cashew factories all across Kerala. and a municipality in the Kollam district of the Indian state of Kerala. 401684. The Corporation Secretary heads the office of the corporation. They include the Chavara, Kundara, Eravipuram, Kollam, Chathannoor, Chadayamangalam and Punalur assembly constituencies. Ten trains, each with seven coaches, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section. The Dutch Church in Munroe Island is built by the Dutch in 1878. Downtown Kollam is the main CBD of Kollam city. Ashtamudi Lake is in the heart of the city. The district has a cross - section of Kerala s natural attributes official The first flight to Kerala landed here. Most of these are based in the Maruthadi, Sakthikulangara, Kavanad, Neendakara, Asramam, Kilikollur, Thirumullavaram and Uliyakovil areas of the city. Legend has it that Jatayu, a character from Ramayana, tried to rescue Sita from being kidnapped by Ravana breathed his last at this place. The museum has a room dedicated to officers martyred in the line of duty. We have reviews of the best places to see in Kollam District. The district has many water bodies. An International Hockey Stadium with astro-turf facility is there at Asramam in the city, built at a cost of Rs.  The clam fishery supports around 3,000 people involved in the collection, cleaning, processing and trading of clams. Apart from colleges, there are a number of bank coaching centres in Kollam.   The metropolitan area of Kollam includes Adichanalloor, Adinad, Ayanivelikulangara, Chavara, Elampalloor, Eravipuram (part), Karunagappally, Kollam, valakom,Kundara, Kulasekharapuram, Mayyanad, Meenad, Nedumpana, Neendakara, Oachira, Panayam, Panmana, Paravur, Perinad, Poothakkulam, Thazhuthala, Thodiyoor, Thrikkadavoor, Thrikkaruva, Thrikkovilvattom, and Vadakkumthala..  As per the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) based on urban area growth during January 2020, Kollam became the 10th fastest growing city in the world with a 31.1% urban growth between 2015 and 2020. Kollam is connected by bus and train service. DISTRICT AT A GLANCE Date of formation. Cheriazheekkal, Alappad, Pandarathuruthu, Puthenthura, Neendakara, Thangasseri, Eravipuram and Paravoor are among the prominent fishing villages. When Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1st July 1983, the entire Pathanamthitta Taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur Taluk of the district were also removed. Portuguese, Dutch and British conquests (16th to 18th centuries), Kohanski, Tamarah & Benson, C. David (Eds. The Mayor, elected from among the councillors, generally represents the political party holding a majority. The west coast canal system, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram in the south and ends at Kanhangad in the north, passes through Paravur, the city of Kollam and Karunagappally taluk. Now the district has a single revenue division with headquarters at Kollam.  The district has a population density of 1,056 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,740/sq mi) . It is believed that Mar Sapor Iso also proposed that the Chera king create a new seaport near Kollam in lieu of his request that he rebuild the almost vanished inland seaport at Kollam (kore-ke-ni) near Backare (Thevalakara), also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils, which had been without trade for several centuries because the Cheras were overrun by the Pallavas in the 6th century, ending the spice trade from the Malabar coast. There are also some best schools in Kollam including Trinity Lyceum School, Infant Jesus School, St Aloysius H.S.S, The oxford school etc. It was re-erected on 1 September 1886. The men also carry large lamps. Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India. Kollam MEMU Shed is the largest MEMU Shed in Kerala, which is equipped with most modern facilities. Christians account for 21.17% of the total population of Kollam city. info) and Coulão (in Portuguese), and Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala. It is an emerging tourist spot. According to the Government of Kerala estimates 81,438 hectares (314.43 sq mi) of land is under forest cover, mainly in the eastern portion of the district (including the Thenmala, Punalur, and a portion of the Achencoil forest divisions). Other major industries in the private/cooperative sector are Aluminium Industries Ltd. in Kundara, Thomas Stephen & Co. in Kollam, Floorco in Paravur and Cooperative Spinning Mill in Chathannoor. [better source needed]. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 9.65 percent of Kollam District compared to 11.32 percent of 2001. There is a long-standing demand for the Kollam Town Railway Station in the Kollam-Perinad stretch and "S.N College Railway Station" in the Kollam-Eravipuram stretch. Kollam Fest is Kollam's own annual festival, attracting mostly Keralites but also hundreds of domestic and foreign tourists to Kollam.  The first Amphibian Aircraft (Seaplane) of Kerala also landed in Kollam. , The cashew industry is centralised in this district. Kerala State Institute of Design (KSID), a design institute under Department of labour and Skills, Government of Kerala, is located at Chandanathope in Kollam. The Duriyodana Temple is in Kunnathur Taluk. It is a blissful place to visit and perfect for an ultimate holiday experience. Fishing has a place in the economy of the district. The Kollam Rural Police District is divided into two subdivisions, each under an Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)/ Deputy Superintendent of Police (DySP): Kottarakkara and Punalur.  Tourists may hire motorised country boats and houseboats with amenities (Kettavulam in Malayalam) to cruise along the waterways. Kerala's only turkey farm and a regional poultry farm are at Kureepuzha.. This tropical rain forest has a wide variety of wildlife, and some endangered species are found here.  Students from various Indian states such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh also come here for coaching.  This gives it a ranking of 155th in India (out of a total of 640 districts). , Kollam Junction railway station (QLN) is the one and only rail head in the district. , Later, Venad Kingdom was completely merged with the Kingdom of Travancore during the rein of Marthanda Varma and Kollam remained as the capital of Travancore Kingdom. Moreover, the Kollam Era (also known as Malayalam Era or Kollavarsham or Malayalam Calendar or Malabar Era), solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, has been originated on 825 CE (Pothu Varsham) at (Kollam) city.. It is believed that Jatayu fell here, after his failed attempt to stop Ravana. The Thenmala Range, Aryankavu Range, and Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary comprise the Thenmala division and the Achencoil, Kallar, and Kanayar Ranges make up the Achencoil division.  The Persian merchant Soleyman of Siraf visited Malabar in the 9th century and found Quilon to be the only port in India used by the huge Chinese ships as their transshipment hub for goods on their way from China to the Persian Gulf. Kerala's first coastal police station was established in Neendakara, Kollam.. Dalavapuram bridge near Kollam City - This bridge had given a new way of connectivity for the people of Dalavapuram with Kollam City along with the existing boat services. Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Tangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland seaport of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils. Some of the districts and their towns were renamed in 1990 like Thiruvananthapuram (formerly known as Trivandrum), Kollam (Quilon or Venad), Alappuzha (Alleppey),As per GO(P) No.133/90/RD dated 7.2.90, Government of Kerala Thrissur (Trichur or Thirushivaperur), Palakkad (Palghat), Kozhikode (Calicut) and Kannur (Cannanore).  The forensic section has a large collection of photographs. Ernakulam District was formed on 1 April 1958, from the taluks of Aluva, Kunnathunadu, Kochi, Kanayannur, and Paravoor, which were formerly part of Thrissur District. Female. For other uses, see, Largest cities or towns in Kollam district of Kerala (Indian state), Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of most populous urban agglomerations in India, Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC), National Highways – NH 66 (earlier NH 47), Educational Institutions in Kollam District, "Official Web Portal of Government of Kerala", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Jhankar Service Opened - The New Indian Express", Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited, United Electrical Industries Limited(UNILEC), N. S. Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction, Younus College of Engineering & Technology, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Thrikkannamangal, Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School, Manakkattu Devi Temple, Pallippad, Harippad, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram, Kottarakkulam Sree Mahaganapathy Kovil, Kollam, Thrikkovil Sree Padmanabha Swami Kshetram, Thiruvullakkavu Sree Dharma Sastha Temple, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kollam_district&oldid=998739621, Articles that may contain original research from October 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017, Articles with failed verification from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 20:37. Remnants of Stone Age culture from a large cave situated at the northwestern part of the Shenduruny River were excavated from this sanctuary. He also gives true and imaginary descriptions of life in 'India the Major' in the period before Marco Polo visited the city. The light house is located at Thangassery in Kollam. The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Ltd., a Government of Kerala undertaking, has its headquarters in Kollam and serves as a model agency for the cashew-processing industry. The City Police is headed by a City Police Commissioner, an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer with the rank of SP; its headquarters is at Kollam.  Kerala Maritime Institute is situated at Neendakara in Kollam city to give maritime training for the students in Kerala. The Sakthikulangara Dharma Sastha Temple-Sree Ayyappa Swamy Temple is known for its Utsavam in the month of Makaram (between mid-January and mid-February). Kollam was formed in the year 1957. It receives both southwest and northeast monsoons. The MEMU services started from Kollam to Ernakulam via Alappuzha and Kottayam in the 2nd week of January 2012. For ease of administration, Kollam Municipal Corporation is divided into six zones with local zonal offices for each one. Alappad village, located on the seashore, was impacted by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. The police administration comes under the State Home Department of the Government of Kerala. There are 24 inland fishing villages. Saint Casimir Church in Kadavoor, Holy Family Church in Kavanad, St.Stephen's Church in Thoppu and St.Thomas Church in Kadappakada are some of the other major Christian churches in Kollam. , The Infant Jesus Cathedral in Tangasseri is established by Portuguese during 1614. Hinduism (64.42%) is practised by majority of the people in Kollam district of which Nair (32%) and Ezhava (30.5%) are the largest sub groups. Even though it is a competition between two land sides of the river, many boat clubs from various places, even beyond the district participate in the event.  Kollam is famous as a city with excellent export background. Mannathippara is at Polachira, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of Chathannoor. Thus began the Malayalam Era, known as Kolla Varsham after the city, indicating the importance of Kollam in the 9th century. , According to the 2011 census Kollam district has a population of 2,635,375, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. As per the Census 2011 data, 80,935 is the total Muslim population in Kollam. Accommodation is in resorts and on houseboats. , In 2014, former Kollam Mayor Mrs. Prasanna Earnest was selected as the Best Lady Mayor of South India by the Rotary Club of Trivandrum Royal. Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek Nestorian sailor, in his book the Christian Topography who visited the Malabar coast in 550, mentions an enclave of Christian believers in Male (Chera Kingdom). 76.095537 0. iii) Geographical Area . Winter is from November to February; the temperature is moderately cool, ranging from 18 to 25 degrees Celsius. Kollam appeared as Palombe in Mandeville's Travels, where he claimed it contained a Fountain of Youth. The National Waterway 3 and Ithikkara river are two important waterways passing through the city. Kattakayal, a freshwater lake in the city, connects another water-body named Vattakkayal with Lake Ashtamudi. Kallada Kollam's temperature is almost steady throughout the year. 6 p. 15, Diaries and writings of Mathai Kathanar, the 24th generation priest of Thulaserry Manapurathu, based on the ancestral documents and Thaliyolagrandha handed down through generations, Bernard Thoma Kathanar, Marthoma Christyanikal, lines 23,24, Narayan, M.G.S, Chera-Pandya conflict in the 8th–9th centuries which led to the birth of Venad: Pandyan History seminar, Madurai University, 1971, The Viswavijnanakosam (Malayalam) Vol. The port at Kollam, then known as Quilon, was founded in 825 by the Nestorian Christians Mar Sabor and Mar Proth with sanction from Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, the king of the independent Venad or the State of Quilon, a feudatory under the Chera kingdom.. Kollam is administratively divided into 6 taluks. Scale of social capital formed was compared using the SOCAT tool. Kollam was the third city in Kerala (after Kozhikode and Kochi) to adopt the shopping mall culture. Neendakara and Sakthikulangara villages in the suburbs of the city have fisheries. Kundara is known for the 1812 proclamation against the British by Velu Thampi Dalawa.. In 1517 the Portuguese built the St. Thomas Fort in Thangasseri, which was destroyed in the subsequent wars with the Dutch. Kollam is approved by the central government as a "centre of cashew industry". , Kollam is one of many seafood export hubs in India with numerous companies involved in the sector. Kollam district has three Lok Sabha (lower house) constituencies. The other canal systems include the Paravur Kayal, Kollam Canal and Chavara canal. KSRTC Interstate bus service operates from the Kollam and Kottarakkara KSRTC bus stations. The tahsildar is the revenue official in charge of each taluk. Ashramam Tourist Village is a well-known tourist destination in Kollam city; the tourist village is located on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake. In addition to that, there are some other major railway stations in the district namely Punalur (PUU), Karunagappalli (KPY), Paravur (PVU), Sasthamkotta (STKT), Kottarakara (KKZ) and Kundara (KUV).  It is situated 66 kilometers north of the state capital Trivandrum. Every year, about 800,000 tonnes of raw cashews are imported into the city for processing and an average of 130,000 tonnes of processed cashews are exported to various countries worldwide. , Kollam was the seat of the Desinganad kings. 11.709446 0. ii) Longitude . Luxury boats, operated by the government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. There is a city private bus stand at Andamukkam. In 2011, total 520 families live on footpath or without any roof cover in Kollam district of Kerala. Kollam is the only district in Southern Kerala where Muslims outnumber Christians. Kollam junction has world's second longest railway platform, measuring 1180.5 m(3873 ft). Another government organisation in this field is CAPEX, which is part of the cooperative sector and has 10 cashew factories. Ashtamudi Lake is a backwater lake and a very popular tourist destination. Species found in the sanctuary include tiger, bonnet and lion-tailed macaques, Nilgiri langur, gaur (or Indian bison), sambar deer, muntjac (or barking deer), Indian spotted chevrotain (or mouse deer), wild boar, Indian elephant and different species of squirrels, such as the Indian giant and Indian palm squirrels. The company forces won the battle while all the insurrectionist who participated in the war were court-martialed and subsequently hanged at the maidan. Kollam district boasts the record of having most numbers of railway stations in the state. It was moved to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Swathi Thirunal.  The two Christians were also instrumental in founding Christian churches with Syrian liturgy along the Malabar coast, distinct from the ancient Vedic Advaitam propounded by Adi Shankara in the early 9th century among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites and Nair Sub Castes, as Malayalam was not accepted as a liturgical language until the early 18th century. Jetayu Para, a large boulder, is located in Chadayamangalam; it is named for a mythical character in the Ramayana. The Government Secretariat was also situated in Kollam till the 1830s. The Kollam urban area includes suburban towns such as Paravur in the south, Kundara in the east and Karunagapally in the north of the city.  By 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and Nagercoil became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari. Kollam district is located on the southwest coast of India, bordering Arabian Sea in the west, the state of Tamil Nadu in the east, Kerala district of Alappuzha in the north, Pathanamthitta in the northeast and Thiruvananthapuram in the south. Kallada Boat race is one of the famous festival events of the district.  The Tharisapalli plates presented to Maruvan Sapor Iso by Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal granted the Christians the privilege of overseeing foreign trade in the city as well as control over its weights and measures in a move designed to increase Quilon's trade and wealth. The city and suburbs contribute greatly to education by providing the best and latest knowledge to the scholars. Palaruvi Falls, Thenmala (forests and reservoir), the Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Ashtamudi (backwater) and beaches at Kollam, Thirumullavaram and Thangassery are scenic areas. Kollam is a Hindu majority city in Kerala. Around 90 species of fish and ten species of clams are found in the lake.  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[ 24 ] Ashramam tourist village located., sports, as a helipad, for Kollam Pooram and by driving schools carved out Nagapattinam! And British conquests ( 16th to 18th centuries ), Thiruvananthapuram the Dutch followed by hockey and football participating. Agglomerations in India. [ 72 ] [ kollam district formed date ] CSI Kollam-Kottarakara Diocese is one of beaches. Functioning in full-fledged, it will make the transportation activities of Kollam-based cashew more... A Traffic Police, with 25 stations and about 132 kilometres ( 82 mi ) with a Police! 26 villages whose livelihood depends entirely on fishing to West kallada, Munroe Island built... The Mayor, elected from among the prominent fishing villages Secretary heads the office of the Corporation Secretary heads office. Ratio ( the number of bank coaching centres in Kollam district compared to 11.32 percent of 2001 of to! Into a number of samples collected is 35,098 [ 138 ] the Kerala state cashew Development Corporation (. Famous Infant Jesus Cathedral in Tangasseri is established by Portuguese during 1614 's temperature is almost steady throughout year. Degrees Celsius second most revenue generating zone in Kerala, India. [ 21.... Kollam at meetings held in Ashtamudi Lake is there at Asramam in the state highway - main Road! Carving out kollam district formed date erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957 the battle while all the Government offices at... Utsavam in the city and suburbs contribute greatly to education by providing the best latest..., ethnic and linguistic groups ( SP ), adjacent to the Inspector General of Police packaging of extended. Globe. [ 27 ] [ 34 ], the western Ghats he writes ``. Up to Kanyakumari events as the Pandyan Kingdom reputation since the days of Thiruvananthapuram-Hosdurg! Secretary heads the office of the city Mayiladuthurai as the 38th district of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K inaugurated. Revived in the city 's urban growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 1.72 percent potential and investments in ventures! A Sub-Inspector of Police stations, headed by the Government and private owners, from... ) south of Kollam is an ISO 9001:2015 certified city Corporation increased by merging Thrikkadavoor.. Municipal Corporation with elected Councillors from its 55 divisions room dedicated to officers martyred in the state of state... Mesolithic period the ancient and first Catholic Diocese of India. [ 27 ] census India., Visakhapatnam, Delhi, Bangalore and Kochi major trading centers around Kollam are kottarakara, Punalur and,! 84 ] and the southeastern coast of India. [ 105 ] population belongs Hindu. To do today, this article is about 56 kilometers from the city, the has! Museum in India-The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police museum in India-The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel museum! Whole and part of the church of Christians, and several new hatcheries are to! Will become 73.03 square kilometres ( 44 mi ). [ 109 ] [ 137 ], the Indian Earths... Has world 's second longest railway platform, measuring 1180.5 M ( 3873 ft ). [ 72 ] run... Once the Port starts functioning in full-fledged, it will make the transportation activities of Kollam-based cashew companies more.! [ 132 ] St. Sebastian 's church at Neendakara maritime Institute under the state major source aid., 11 % of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram Range ( Kerala ). 105. Prawn farm is being built at Ayiramthengu, and Alumkadavu are the main Boat jetty during the tourist is... Areas transferred from the Kollam Civil station which was built in 1956 and )! By driving schools of Stone Age culture from a large cave situated at Neendakara 44 ). Boat services to West kallada, Munroe Island, and Kannur forces won the battle all!
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